Peran Dukungan Sosial Keluarga terhadap Berduka Kronis pada Lansia yang Mengalami Kehilangan Pasangan dalam Budaya Pakurenan

  • I Ketut Andika Priastana Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Jembrana
  • Joni Haryanto Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Airlangga
  • Suprajitno Suprajitno Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Malang
Keywords: family support, chronic sorrow, elderly

Abstract

Introduction. One problem that often escapes attention is when the elderly experience a loss of spouse. This problem can cause psychological disturbance and if not done good handling will also affect the physical elderly. Bali is an area of Indonesia that has a distinctive culture associated residence called Pakurenan. This study analyzes the role of family social support and the resilience of elderly who suffer from chronic sorrow due to lost the partner in Pakurenan culture and the association between them. Methods. This cross-sectional study was conducted with 255 elderly in a simple random sample from a subdistrict in Bali in Indonesia. The data were collected from elderly who gave their informed consent to participate using a personal information form, the Perceived Social Support from Family (PSS-Fa) Scale and The Resilience Scale (RS). Data were assessed by descriptive statistics and Spearman's rho analyses, using SPSS software. Results. The mean age of the elderly in the study was 70.38 years (±5.159 years); 69% of the elderly were female, and 67.8% had low education level. The results indicated that there was a significant positive correlation between the family social support and the resilience (rs = .993; p < .05). Conclusion. This study identified a significant correlation between family social support and the resilience of elderly who suffer from chronic sorrow due to lost the partner in Pakurenan culture. This indicates that the family's social support in Pakurenan culture has a positive impact in increasing resilience in the elderly.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Adnyani, N. K. S. (2016). Bentuk Perkawinan Matriarki pada Masyarakat Hindu Bali Ditinjau dari Perspektif Hukum Adat dan Kesetaraan Gender. Jurnal Ilmu Sosial Dan Humaniora, 5(1), 754–769.

Badan Pusat Statistik. (2010). Sensus Penduduk 2010 Penduduk Berumur 10 Tahun Keatas Menurut Kelompok Umur dan Status Perkawinan. Jakarta.

Brenn, T., & Ytterstad, E. (2016). Increased risk of death immediately after losing a spouse: Cause-specific mortality following widowhood in Norway. Preventive Medicine, 89, 251–256. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2016.06.019

Davies, N., Crowe, M., & Whitehead, L. (2016). Establishing routines to cope with the loneliness associated with widowhood: a narrative analysis. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 23(8), 532–539. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpm.12339

de Vries, B., Utz, R., Caserta, M., & Lund, D. (2014). Friend and family contact and support in early widowhood. Journals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 69(1), 75–84. https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbt078

Eakes, G. G., Burke, M. A., & Hainsworth, M. A. (1998). Middle-Range Theory Of Chronic Sorrow. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 30(2), 179–184.

Fried, E. I., Bockting, C., Arjadi, R., Borsboom, D., Amshoff, M., Cramer, O. J., … Stroebe, M. (2015). From loss to loneliness: The relationship between bereavement and depressive symptoms. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 124(2), 256–265. https://doi.org/10.1037/abn0000028

Hajek, A., Luck, T., Brettschneider, C., Posselt, T., Lange, C., Wiese, B., … Koenig, H. H. (2017). Factors affecting functional impairment among elderly Germans - Results of a longitudinal study. Journal of Nutrition Health & Aging, 21(3), 299–306. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12603-016-0771-5

Jacobson, N. C., Lord, K. A., & Newman, M. G. (2017). Perceived emotional social support in bereaved spouses mediates the relationship between anxiety and depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 211, 83–91. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2017.01.011

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2016). Situasi Lanjut Usia (Lansia) di Indonesia. Jakarta.

Leininger, M. (1978). Transcultural Nursing. Thorofare, NJ: Slack.

Leininger, M., & McFarland, M. (2002). Transcultural nursing: Concepts, theories, research, and practice (3rd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Martin-Matthews, A., Tong, C. E., Rosenthal, C. J., & McDonald, L. (2013). Ethno-cultural diversity in the experience of widowhood in later life: Chinese widows in Canada. Journal of Aging Studies, 27(4), 507–518. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaging.2012.12.011

Mercan, M. A., Barlin, H., & Cebeci, A. F. (2016). Late-Life Bereavement: Association Between Familial Death and Weight Loss Among Elderly in the United States. OMEGA - Journal of Death and Dying, 74(1), 3–15. https://doi.org/10.1177/0030222816649082

Monserud, M. A., & Markides, K. S. (2017). Changes in depressive symptoms during widowhood among older Mexican Americans: the role of financial strain, social support, and church attendance. Aging & Mental Health, 21(6), 586–594. https://doi.org/10.1080/13607863.2015.1132676

Procidano, M. E., & Heller, K. (1983). Measures of perceived social support from friends and from family: three validation studies. American Journal of Community Psychology, 11(1), 1–24. Retrieved from http://www.embase.com/search/results?subaction=viewrecord&from=export&id=L13674900

Sikorski, C., Luppa, M., Heser, K., Ernst, A., Lange, C., Werle, J., … Riedel-Heller, S. G. (2014). The role of spousal loss in the development of depressive symptoms in the elderly - Implications for diagnostic systems. Journal of Affective Disorders, 161, 97–103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2014.02.033

Tseng, F. M., Petrie, D., & Leon-Gonzalez, R. (2017). The impact of spousal bereavement on subjective wellbeing: Evidence from the Taiwanese elderly population. Economics and Human Biology, 26, 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ehb.2017.01.003

United Nations. (2015). World Population Ageing. New York. https://doi.org/ST/ESA/SER.A/390

van Baarsen, B. (2002). Theories on Coping With Loss: The Impact of Social Support and Self-Esteem on Adjustment to Emotional and Social Loneliness Following a Partner’s Death in Later Life. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 57(1), S33–S42. https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/57.1.S33

Vidarsdottir, H., Fang, F., Chang, M., Aspelund, T., Fall, K., Jonsdottir, M. K., … Valdimarsdottir, U. (2014). Spousal loss and cognitive function in later life: A 25-year follow-up in the AGES-Reykjavik study. American Journal of Epidemiology, 179(6), 674–683. https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwt321

Wagnild, G. M., & Young, H. M. (1993). Development and psychometric evaluation of the Resilience Scale. Journal of Nursing Measurement, 1(2), 165–178. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apnu.2010.05.001

Published
2018-08-28
How to Cite
Priastana, I. K. A., Haryanto, J., & Suprajitno, S. (2018). Peran Dukungan Sosial Keluarga terhadap Berduka Kronis pada Lansia yang Mengalami Kehilangan Pasangan dalam Budaya Pakurenan. Indonesian Journal of Health Research, 1(1), 20-26. https://doi.org/10.32805/ijhr.2018.1.1.8
Section
Articles

PlumX Article Metrics