Hubungan Tingkat Pengetahuan tentang HIV/AIDS dengan Sikap Pencegahan HIV/AIDS pada Remaja

  • I Ketut Andika Priastana Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Jembrana
  • Hendra Sugiarto Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Jembrana
Keywords: knowledge, prevention attitude, HIV/AIDS, adolescent

Abstract

Introduction. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a virus that attacks the human immune system and Acquired immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a collection of symptoms of disease caused by HIV. UNICEF stated that the number of deaths among adolescents due to HIV/AIDS has increased. In Indonesia, cases of HIV/AIDS have begun to attack adolescents, one of the causes of which is a lack of knowledge about HIV/AIDS. This study aims to determine the relationship between the level of knowledge about HIV/AIDS with the prevention attitude against HIV/AIDS in adolescents in Jembrana, Bali, Indonesia. Methods. The research design used was cross sectional, random sampling technique with a sample of 82 people. The statistical analysis used was Chi square test with a significance level of 5%. Results. The results showed that the majority of respondents in the category of sufficient knowledge, namely as many as 53.7% and most had an agreeing attitude towards the prevention of HIV/AIDS as many as 65.9%. The results of the analysis of the Chi square test showed that the relationship between the level of knowledge about HIV/AIDS and the attitude of prevention of HIV/AIDS in adolescents showed p value = 0.001 (p value <0.05). Conclusion. This study found that there was a correlation between the level of knowledge about HIV/AIDS and the attitude of preventing HIV/AIDS in adolescents. Teenagers can improve their knowledge more optimally so that they are more vigilant and supportive of HIV/AIDS prevention.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ariani, P. D. (2012). Analisis Hubungan dan Besar Risiko antara Pengetahuan, Sikap dengan Tindakan BerdasarkanIndikator Surveilans Perilaku HIV/AIDS pada WPS. Universitas Airlangga.

Astutik, H. D. (2014). Hubungan Pengetahuan dan Sikap tentang AIDS terhadap Tindakan Pencegahan HIV/AIDS pada Pekerja Perantauan di Desa Timbul Sloko Kecamatan Sayung Demak. Universitas Islam Sultan Agung.

Azizah, N. (2016). Analisis Pengetahuan dan Sikap tentang HIV/AIDS dan Bahaya Narkoba pada Siswa Laki-laki MAN 1 Medan. Universitas Sumatera Utara.

Azwar, S. (2011). Sikap Manusia, Teori dan Pengukurannya (2nd ed.). Jakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Jembrana. (2016). Jumlah Kasus HIV/AIDS di Kebupaten Jembrana. Jembrana.

Handayani, S. (2011). Pengetahuan dan Sikap Siswa SMA Tentang HIV/AIDS di SMU Negeri 1 Wedi Klaten. Motorik, 6(12), 1–7.

Katiandagho, D. (2015). Epidemiologi HIV-AIDS. Bogor: In Media.

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2016). Situasi HIV/AIDS di Indonesia. Retrieved from www.depkes.go.id/article/view/17010600004/situasi-hiv-aids-di-indonesia.html

Lestyani, U. (2015). Hubungan Tingkat Kecemasan dengan Sikap dalam Menghadapi Menarche pada Siswi Kelas V di SD Wilayah Kec. Karangnongko Kab. Klaten. STIKES Aisyiyah Yogyakarta.

Meliono, I. (2007). MPKT Modul 1. Jakarta: Lembaga Penerbitan FE UI.

Notoatmodjo, S. (2010). Ilmu Perilaku Kesehatan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Potter, P., Perry, A., Stockert, P., Hall, A., & Peterson, V. (2016). Fundamentals of Nursing (9th ed.). St. Louis, Missouri: Mosby, Elsevier.

Septyanarindri, S. (2011). Hubungan antara Pengetahuan, Sikap Remaja dan Peran Guru Bimbingan Konseling dengan Upaya Tindakan Preventif HIV/AIDS Pada Remaja. Universitas Jember.

UNICEF. (2017). HIV and AIDS. Retrieved from www.unicef.org/hiv

Yulianingsih, E. (2015). Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Tindakan Berisiko Tertular HIV/AIDS pada Siswa SMA Negeri Di Kota Gorontalo. JIKMU, 5(2), 311–321.

Published
2018-08-28
How to Cite
Priastana, I. K. A., & Sugiarto, H. (2018). Hubungan Tingkat Pengetahuan tentang HIV/AIDS dengan Sikap Pencegahan HIV/AIDS pada Remaja. Indonesian Journal of Health Research, 1(1), 1-5. https://doi.org/10.32805/ijhr.2018.1.1.3
Section
Articles

PlumX Article Metrics